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Apolipoprotein E3 Protein
  • 品牌:Chemstan
  • 产地:China
  • 型号:50ug
  • 货号:CSTD-P-1002
  • 价格: ¥2800/支
  • 发布日期: 2023-06-08
  • 更新日期: 2024-05-24
产品详请
产地 China
品牌 Chemstan
货号 CSTD-P-1002
用途 Research Grade
纯度 >90% by SDS-PAGE.%
规格 50ug
是否进口
Cat.#:CSTD-P-1002

Size:50ug

Protein Name:  APOE 3

Uniprot No.:   P02649

Expression System:E. Coli

Compound Identity:  APOE3(e1)-his

Full Length or Truncated:  Full length

Molecular Weight:  36.7 kDa

Form:freeze-dried powder

Storage:  -80°C (as supplied)

Stability: ≥6 months

Purity: ≥90% estimated by SDS-PAGE

Supplied in: 1×PBS (pH 7.2)

Description
ApoE is a member of the superfamily of amphiphilic exchangeable apolipoproteins and a lipid carrier protein with a major role in lipid homeostasis.1,2 It is expressed in astrocytes, hepatocytes, monocytes, macrophages, and kidney cells and exists as three major polymorphic alleles, ApoE2, ApoE3, and ApoE4, which occur in the United States population with frequencies of approximately 7, 79, and 14%, respectively. ApoE is composed of an N-terminal domain, which contains sequences for binding to members of the LDL receptor family, and a C-terminal domain, containing the major lipid-binding region, linked by an unstructured hinge region, which facilitates domain mobility essential to protein function.1 Upon lipid binding, ApoE undergoes a conformational change that orients the α-helices of the C-terminal domain perpendicular to the acyl chains of the bound lipids to stabilize the bound lipids and facilitates recognition and binding to LDL receptors by the N-terminal domain. ApoE isoforms vary at amino acids 130 and 176 (112 and 158, respectively, in the mature protein) with ApoE2 containing cysteine at 130 and 176, ApoE3 containing cysteine at 130 and arginine at 176, and ApoE4 containing arginine at 130 and 176. ApoE3 forms homodimers via disulfide bond formation. ApoE3 is more efficient than ApoE4, but less efficient than ApoE2, at promoting cholesterol efflux in astrocytes, and APOE3-expressing astrocytes accumulate fewer but larger lipid droplets than astrocytes expressing APOE4. 3,4 Unlike the increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease associated with the ApoE4 variant, ApoE3 is neutral with respect to Alzheimer’s disease risk, and ApoE3 with a valine-to-glutamine substitution at position 236 (ApoE3V236E) is associated with a reduce risk for the disease.5 Cayman’s ApoE3 (human, recombinant) protein can be used for cell-based assays.

SDS-PAGE Validation

Note:
For research use only .

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